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Preprint Number 924
924. Matthew Tointon
Approximate subgroups of residually nilpotent groups
Submission date: 13 September 2015.
We show that a K-approximate subgroup A of a residually nilpotent group G is contained in boundedly many cosets of a finite-by-nilpotent subgroup, the nilpotent factor of which is of bounded step. Combined with an earlier result of the author, this implies that A is contained in boundedly many translates of a coset nilprogression of bounded rank and step. The bounds are effective and depend only on K; in particular, if G is nilpotent they do not depend on the step of G. As an application we show that there is some absolute constant c such that if G is a residually nilpotent group, and if there is an integer n > 1 such that the ball of radius n in some Cayley graph of G has cardinality bounded by n^(c log log n), then G is virtually (log n)-step nilpotent.
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